From the Blogosphere
Securing Immutable Servers in a Serverless World | @DevOpsSummit #DevOps #Serverless
Snowflakes are beautiful, unique creations. But, let's keep them in nature
By: Derek Weeks
Sep. 11, 2017 06:00 AM
Snowflakes are beautiful, unique creations. But, let's keep them in nature. They don't belong in our server infrastructure. Snowflake servers, where every configuration is just a little different, can introduce unnecessary security vulnerabilities and complications. While common in IT infrastructure, in the DevOps realm they are gradually becoming ancient history.
At All Day DevOps 2016, Erlend Oftedal (@webtonull), with Blank and head of the OWASP Norway chapter, discussed the benefits of immutable infrastructure practices within serverless architectures. Erlend walked us through the positive effects on security as well as offered insight on potential problems.
Erlend outlined the progress from physical servers to immutable servers, discussing the benefits of each step and the concerns that lead to the next phase, ending with immutable servers - that is, they can't be changed. Once setup, they are set. Automated processes coupled with immutability principles can eliminate snowflake servers.
Immutability isn't a new concept. Some classic examples include: live Linux CDs, Internet cafes, schools, libraries, hotel business centers, etc. To set up immutable servers, Erlend outlines these steps:
Of course, this immediately raises questions.
What about data? He notes that because data inherently changes, data has to be stored externally.
How do you deploy changes? Well, you don't change the server. You take one out and put a new one in. What if that one fails? Rollback to the previous one.
How do you manage secrets? You can build secrets in, leverage cloud key management, or use third-party services.
How do we apply security patches? If truly immutable, you deploy a new server with the patch. However, you can have a semi-immutable server that allows for automatically installing patches but still doesn't allow for logins or manual changes.
Speaking of security, what are the security advantages? For starters, if an attacker is in your server, they will be thrown out when you change servers, although they may come back if the vulnerability isn't patched. It also allows for very specialized images by removing all unnecessary packages. With these specialized images, you can more easily audit and monitor the system for unexpected file changes, logins, and connections.
Erlend discussed containers because they are a step closer to a serverless world. Containers isolate processes and all run on the same OS. Of course, you can make them immutable, but, whether they are or are not, there are some key security best practices you'll want to consider:
Erlend also dove into serverless architecture. While there is debate over what exactly qualifies as serverless, there are 5 principles that Erlend highlighted:
Migrating to immutable, serverless infrastructure is a topic to be discussed well beyond this blog post and even Erlend's session. Whatever you do in the future, though, take his parting words to heart: "the cloud can solve many of your problems, but in the end you cannot transfer your responsibility for security."
Erlend's session was packed with information. If this piqued your interest, you should watch his complete session from All Day DevOps 2016 (just 30 minutes). The other 56 presentations from the conference are also available online, free-of-charge here.
Also, this year's All Day DevOps is on October 24. It's online and free, so be sure to check out www.alldaydevops.com to learn more and register.
21st International Cloud Expo, taking place October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world.
Download Show Prospectus ▸ Here
Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterprises are using some form of XaaS - software, platform, and infrastructure as a service.
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing Cloud strategies, now is the perfect time to attend 21st Cloud Expo, October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-14, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is on the right path to Digital Transformation.
Track 1. Enterprise Cloud | Cloud-Native
Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo 2017 Silicon Valley
Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo 2018 New York
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Every Global 2000 enterprise in the world is now integrating cloud computing in some form into its IT development and operations. Midsize and small businesses are also migrating to the cloud in increasing numbers.
Cloud Expo is the single show where technology buyers and vendors can meet to experience and discus cloud computing and all that it entails. Sponsors of Cloud Expo will benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities through:
For more information on sponsorship, exhibit, and keynote opportunities, contact Carmen Gonzalez by email at events (at) sys-con.com, or by phone 201 802-3021.
The World's Largest "Cloud Digital Transformation" Event
@CloudExpo | @ThingsExpo 2017 Silicon Valley
@CloudExpo | @ThingsExpo 2018 New York
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Register For @DevOpsSummit ▸ Here via EventBrite
Sponsors of Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo will benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities through:
For more information on sponsorship, exhibit, and keynote opportunities, contact Carmen Gonzalez (@GonzalezCarmen) today by email at events (at) sys-con.com, or by phone 201 802-3021.
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades.
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing Cloud strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @CloudExpo | @ThingsExpo, October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-4, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is on the right path to Digital Transformation.
Delegates to Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo will be able to attend 8 simultaneous, information-packed education tracks.
There are over 120 breakout sessions in all, with Keynotes, General Sessions, and Power Panels adding to three days of incredibly rich presentations and content.
Join Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo conference chair Roger Strukhoff (@IoT2040), October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-14, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, for three days of intense Enterprise Cloud and 'Digital Transformation' discussion and focus, including Big Data's indispensable role in IoT, Smart Grids and (IIoT) Industrial Internet of Things, Wearables and Consumer IoT, as well as (new) Digital Transformation in Vertical Markets.
Financial Technology - or FinTech - Is Now Part of the @CloudExpo Program!
Accordingly, attendees at the upcoming 21st Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-14, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, will find fresh new content in a new track called FinTech, which will incorporate machine learning, artificial intelligence, deep learning, and blockchain into one track.
Financial enterprises in New York City, London, Singapore, and other world financial capitals are embracing a new generation of smart, automated FinTech that eliminates many cumbersome, slow, and expensive intermediate processes from their businesses.
FinTech brings efficiency as well as the ability to deliver new services and a much improved customer experience throughout the global financial services industry. FinTech is a natural fit with cloud computing, as new services are quickly developed, deployed, and scaled on public, private, and hybrid clouds.
More than US$20 billion in venture capital is being invested in FinTech this year. @CloudExpo is pleased to bring you the latest FinTech developments as an integral part of our program, starting at the 21st International Cloud Expo October 31 - November 2, 2017 in Silicon Valley, and June 12-14, 2018, in New York City.
The upcoming 21st International @CloudExpo | @ThingsExpo, October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-14, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY announces that its Call For Papers for speaking opportunities is open.
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